Integration of Genomics, Proteomics and Metabolomics

HomeResearch TopicsTranslational ProteomicsIntegration of Genomics, Proteomics and Metabolomics
Integration of Genomics, Proteomics and Metabolomics 2016-11-10T20:35:33+00:00

Notable peer-reviewed articles—integration of genomics, metabolomics and proteomics information.

 

Articles of note

Proteomics and personalized medicine

With the disclosure of the human genome a new era for bio-medicine has arisen, characterized by the challenge to investigate pathogenic mechanisms, studying simultaneously metabolites, DNA, RNA, and proteins. As a result, the “omics” revolution boomed, giving birth to a new medicine named “omics-based medicine”. Among the other “omics”, proteomics has been widely used in medicine, since it can produce a more “holistic” overview of a disease and provide a “constellation” of possible specific markers, a molecular fingerprinting that defines the clinical condition of an individual. Read more ›

From genomics to proteomics

Proteomics is the study of the function of all expressed proteins. Tremendous progress has been made in the past few years in generating large-scale data sets for protein-protein interactions, organelle composition, protein activity patterns and protein profiles in cancer patients. But further technological improvements, organization of international proteomics projects and open access to results are needed for proteomics to fulfill its potential. Read more ›

Application of genomics, proteomics and metabolomics in drug discovery, development and clinic

Genomics, proteomics and metabolomics are three areas that are routinely applied throughout the drug-development process as well as after a product enters the market. This review discusses all three ‘omics, reporting on the key applications, techniques, recent advances and expectations of each. Genomics, mainly through the use of novel and next-generation sequencing techniques, has advanced areas of drug discovery and development through the comparative assessment of normal and diseased-state tissues, transcription and/or expression profiling, side-effect profiling, pharmacogenomics and the identification of biomarkers. Read more ›

Approaches for the study of cancer: towards the integration of genomics, proteomics and metabolomics

Recent technological advances, combined with the development of bioinformatic tools, allow us to better address biological questions combining -omic approaches (i.e., genomics, metabolomics and proteomics). This novel comprehensive perspective addresses the identification, characterisation and quantitation of the whole repertoire of genes, proteins and metabolites occurring in living organisms. Here we provide an overview of recent significant advances and technologies used in genomics, metabolomics and proteomics. Read more ›

integrated genomicsIntegrated genomic and proteomic analyses of a systematically perturbed metabolic network (free full text)

We demonstrate an integrated approach to build, test, and refine a model of a cellular pathway, in which perturbations to critical pathway components are analyzed using DNA microarrays, quantitative proteomics, and databases of known physical interactions. Using this approach, we identify 997 messenger RNAs responding to 20 systematic perturbations of the yeast galactose-utilization pathway, provide evidence that approximately 15 of 289 detected proteins are regulated posttranscriptionally, and identify explicit physical interactions governing the cellular response to each perturbation. Read more ›

Integrating multiple omicsIntegrating multiple ‘omics’ analysis for microbial biology: application and methodologies (free full text)

Recent advances in various ‘omics’ technologies enable quantitative monitoring of the abundance of various biological molecules in a high-throughput manner, and thus allow determination of their variation between different biological states on a genomic scale. Several popular ‘omics’ platforms that have been used in microbial systems biology include transcriptomics, which measures mRNA transcript levels; proteomics, which quantifies protein abundance; metabolomics, which determines abundance of small cellular metabolites; interactomics, which resolves the whole set of molecular interactions in cells; and fluxomics, which establishes dynamic changes of molecules within a cell over time. Read more ›

Integration of ‘omics’ data: does it lead to new insights into host-microbe interactions?

The interaction between both beneficial and pathogenic microbes and their host has been the subject of many studies. Although the field of systems biology is rapidly evolving, the use of a systems biology approach by means of high-throughput techniques to study host-microbe interactions is just beginning to be explored. In this review, we discuss some of the most recently developed high-throughput ‘omics’ techniques and their use in the context of host-microbe interaction. Read more ›

Large-scale metabolomeLarge-scale metabolome analysis and quantitative integration with genomics and proteomics data in Mycoplasma pneumonia

Systems metabolomics, the identification and quantification of cellular metabolites and their integration with genomics and proteomics data, promises valuable functional insights into cellular biology. However, technical constraints, sample complexity issues and the lack of suitable complementary quantitative data sets prevented accomplishing such studies in the past. Here, we present an integrative metabolomics study of the genome-reduced bacterium Mycoplasma pneumoniae. Read more ›

Next-generation proteomics: towards an integrative view of proteome dynamics

Next-generation sequencing allows the analysis of genomes, including those representing disease states. However, the causes of most disorders are multifactorial, and systems-level approaches, including the analysis of proteomes, are required for a more comprehensive understanding. The proteome is extremely multifaceted owing to splicing and protein modifications, and this is further amplified by the interconnectivity of proteins into complexes and signalling networks that are highly divergent in time and space. Read more ›

Single cell analysisSingle cell analysis: the new frontier in ‘omics’ (free full text)

Cellular heterogeneity that arises from stochastic expression of genes, proteins and metabolites is a fundamental principle of cell biology, but single cell analysis has been beyond the capability of ‘omics’ technology. This is rapidly changing with the recent examples of single cell genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics. The rate of change is expected to accelerate owing to emerging technologies that range from micro/nanofluidics to microfabricated interfaces for mass spectrometry to third- and fourth-generation automated DNA sequencers. As described in this review, single cell analysis is the new frontier in omics, and single cell omics has the potential to transform systems biology through new discoveries derived from cellular heterogeneity. Read more ›