SILAC 2016-11-10T20:19:24+00:00

Notable peer-review articles—applying SILAC isotopic labeling to complex MS-based biomarker discovery and systems biology studies.

 

Articles of note

Stable isotope labeling by amino acids in cell culture (SILAC) and proteome quantitation of mouse embryonic stem cells to a depth of 5,111 proteins (free full text)

Embryonic stem (ES) cells are pluripotent cells isolated from mammalian preimplantation embryos. They are capable of differentiating into all cell types and therefore hold great promise in regenerative medicine. Here we show that murine ES cells can be fully SILAC (stable isotope labeling by amino acids in cell culture)-labeled when grown feeder-free during the last phase of cell culture. We fractionated the SILAC-labeled ES cell proteome by one-dimensional gel electrophoresis and by isoelectric focusing of peptides. High resolution analysis on a linear ion trap-orbitrap instrument (LTQ-Orbitrap) at sub-ppm mass accuracy resulted in confident identification and quantitation of more than 5,000 distinct proteins. Read more ›

Quantitative proteomics by SILAC: practicalities and perspectives for an evolving approach (free full text)

Mass spectrometry-based quantitative proteomics strategies are ideally adapted to the detection of global protein changes between different biological samples. Among these, SILAC (stable isotope labelling by amino acids in cell culture) has demonstrated a great potential. This method is extremely accurate and relatively easy to apply for the quantification of proteins extracted from cultured cells. SILAC involves cell culture either in regular culture media (“light” protein synthesis) or in media where amino acids have been replaced by their isotopically labelled counterparts (“heavy” protein synthesis). Read more ›

Quantitative cancer proteomics: Stable Isotope Labeling with Amino Acids in Cell Culture (SILAC) as a tool for prostate cancer research (free full text)

Microarrays have been the primary means for large-scale analyses of genes implicated in cancer progression. However, more recently a need has been recognized for investigating cancer development directly at the protein level. In this report, we have applied a comparative proteomic technique to the study of metastatic prostate cancer. This technology, termed stable isotope labeling with amino acids in cell culture (SILAC), has recently gained popularity for its ability to compare the expression levels of hundreds of proteins in a single experiment. SILAC makes use of (12)C- and (13)C-labeled amino acids added to the growth media of separately cultured cell lines, giving rise to cells containing either “light” or “heavy” proteins, respectively. Upon mixing lysates collected from these cells, proteins can be identified by tandem mass spectrometry. Read more ›

Advances in quantitative proteomics via stable isotope tagging and mass spectrometry

The high-throughput identification and accurate quantification of proteins are essential components of proteomic strategies for studying cellular functions and processes. Techniques that are largely based on stable isotope protein or peptide labeling and automated tandem mass spectrometry are increasingly being applied in quantitative proteomic studies. Over the past year, significant progress has been made toward improving and diversifying these technologies with respect to the methods for stable isotope labeling, process automation and data processing and analysis. Advances in stable isotope protein labeling and recent biological studies that used stable isotope based quantitative proteomics techniques are reviewed. Read more ›