Measuring Target Proteins in Formalin-fixed Tissue using MS

HomeResearch TopicsSRM-based and Other Targeted Methods for Protein QuantificationMeasuring Target Proteins in Formalin-fixed Tissue using MS
Measuring Target Proteins in Formalin-fixed Tissue using MS 2016-11-10T19:44:41+00:00

Notable peer-reviewed articles—protein extraction from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues for retrospective MS analysis of archived samples.

 

Articles of note

Analysis of the formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue proteome: pitfalls, challenges, and future prospectives

Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues are a real treasure for retrospective analysis considering the amount of samples present in hospital archives, combined with pathological, clinical, and outcome information available for every sample. Although unlocking the proteome of these tissues is still a challenge, new approaches are being developed. In this review, we summarize the different mass spectrometry platforms that are used in human clinical studies to unravel the FFPE proteome. Read more ›

Applications of mass spectrometry for qApplications of mass spectrometry for quantitative protein analysis in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues (free full text)

Proteomic analysis of tissues has advanced in recent years as instruments and methodologies have evolved. The ability to retrieve peptides from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues followed by shotgun or targeted proteomic analysis is offering new opportunities in biomedical research. In particular, access to large collections of clinically annotated samples should enable the detailed analysis of pathologically relevant tissues in a manner previously considered unfeasible. In this paper, we review the current status of proteomic analysis of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues with a particular focus on targeted approaches and the potential for this technique to be used in clinical research and clinical diagnosis. We also discuss the limitations and perspectives of the technique, particularly with regard to application in clinical diagnosis and drug discovery. Read more ›

Imaging mass spectrometry to discriminate breast from pancreatic cancer metastasis in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues

Diagnosis of the origin of metastasis is mandatory for adequate therapy. In the past, classification of tumors was based on histology (morphological expression of a complex protein pattern), while supportive immunohistochemical investigation relied only on few “tumor specific” proteins. At present, histopathological diagnosis is based on clinical information, morphology, immunohistochemistry, and may include molecular methods. This process is complex, expensive, requires an experienced pathologist and may be time consuming. Currently, proteomic methods have been introduced in various clinical disciplines. Read more ›

Mass spectrometric analysis of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue: unlocking the proteome within

The predominance of tissues stored worldwide in hospitals and clinical laboratories exist in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) blocks that are generated by simple and well-established protocols. Although generation of FFPE tissues has facilitated their characterization by such techniques as histopathology, they have proven refractory to biomarker discovery investigations using state-of-the-art MS-based proteomic methodologies. Very recently new methods have been developed that enable proteins extracted from FFPE tissues to be analyzed by MS. This review will highlight and discuss those efforts that have led to this exciting recent progress. Although these developments are quite new, the ability to conduct MS-based proteomic analyses of FFPE tissues opens heretofore intractable clinical samples for discovery-based biomarker research. Read more ›

Toward improving the proteomic analysis of formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue

Archival formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue and their associated diagnostic records represent an invaluable source of retrospective proteomic information on diseases for which the clinical outcome and response to treatment are known. However, analysis of archival FFPE tissues by high-throughput proteomic methods has been hindered by the adverse effects of formaldehyde fixation and subsequent tissue histology. This review examines recent methodological advances for extracting proteins from FFPE tissue suitable for proteomic analysis. These methods, based largely upon heat-induced antigen retrieval techniques borrowed from immunohistochemistry, allow at least a qualitative analysis of the proteome of FFPE archival tissues. The authors also discuss recent advances in the proteomic analysis of FFPE tissue; including liquid-chromatography tandem mass spectrometry, reverse phase protein microarrays and imaging mass spectrometry. Read more ›