Notable peer-reviewed articles–use of MS in therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM), drug metabolism, and toxicology.
Articles of note
High performance liquid chromatography/atmospheric pressure ionization/tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC/API/MS/MS) in drug metabolism and toxicology
Studies of the metabolic fate of drugs and other xenobiotics in living systems may be divided into three broad areas: (1) elucidation of biotransformation pathways through identification of circulatory and excretory metabolites (qualitative studies); (2) determination of pharmacokinetics of the parent drug and/or its primary metabolites (quantitative studies); and (3) identification of chemically-reactive metabolites, which play a key role as mediators of drug-induced toxicities (mechanistic studies). Mass spectrometry has been regarded as one of the most important analytical tools in studies of drug metabolism, pharmacokinetics and biochemical toxicology. Read more ›
Liquid chromatography/atmospheric pressure ionization-mass spectrometry in drug metabolism studies (free full text)
The study of the metabolic fate of drugs is an essential and important part of the drug development process. The analysis of metabolites is a challenging task and several different analytical methods have been used in these studies. However, after the introduction of the atmospheric pressure ionization (API) technique, electrospray and atmospheric pressure chemical ionization, liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) has become an important and widely used method in the analysis of metabolites owing to its superior specificity, sensitivity and efficiency. In this paper the feasibility of LC/API-MS techniques in the identification, structure characterization and quantitation of drug metabolites is reviewed. Read more ›
Monitoring oxycodone use in patients with chronic pain: Analysis of oxycodone and metabolite excretion in saliva and urine
OBJECTIVE: Saliva is purported to have a close correspondence to plasma concentrations due to a passive diffusion process from plasma to saliva. However, limited data are available characterizing oxycodone and its metabolites in saliva. The purpose of this analysis was to evaluate the use of saliva monitoring in patients prescribed oxycodone and to compare the disposition of oxycodone in saliva and urine.
DESIGN: This retrospective analysis examined deidentified urine and saliva specimens collected from patients with chronic pain. These specimens were received at Millennium Laboratories between March and June 2012 and analyzed using LCMS/MS to quantitate oxycodone, noroxycodone, and oxymorphone concentrations. Read more ›
The role of hyphenated chromatography-mass spectrometry techniques in exploratory drug metabolism and pharmacokinetics
The advances in high-speed synthesis technologies have produced a large number of biologically active new chemical entities (NCEs) for developability assessment. Current drug discovery efforts have been focused on identifying drug metabolism and pharmacokinetic (DMPK) issues at the earliest possible stage in order to reduce the attrition rate of drug candidates during the development phase. Mass spectrometry (MS) has proven a powerful tool in providing rapid qualitative and quantitative measurements of drug molecules for DMPK studies in both drug discovery and development. Although mass spectrometers can serve as separation devices, for most pharmaceutical applications, some form of chromatography is combined with MS. Read more ›